Japanese American residents board the bus for Camp Harmony, 1942.
Carl Bunin Peace History Peace History February 18-24
Executive Order 9066 was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt 10 weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, ordering all Japanese Americans (Nisei) evacuated from the West Coast of the U.S. and forcing them to live in concentration camps.
The document authorized the Secretary of War and military commanders “to prescribe military areas…from which any or all persons may be excluded.”
There was strong support from California Attorney General Earl Warren (later U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice), liberal journalist Walter Lippmann and Time magazine—which referred to California as “Japan’s Sudetenland”
112,000 citizens of Japanese ancestry were relocated, losing their businesses, homes, and belongings to whites.
In the entire course of the war, 10 people were convicted of spying for Japan, all of whom were Caucasian.